IELTS Vocabulary: 32 environment collocations

Ô nhiễm môi trường luôn là một trong những vấn đề mang tính chất thời sự hiện nay. Chính vì vậy, tuần suất xuất hiện của chủ đề này trong các bài thi IELTS cũng khá thường xuyên. Trong quá trình luyện thi IELTS, đừng bỏ qua chủ đề này và hãy cùng IBEST theo dõi 32 environment collocations dưới đây nhé.

  1. Serious environmental degradation: Suy thoái môi trường nghiêm trọng

Example: “In some industrial zones, the production processes may result in serious environmental degradation.”

  1. Irresponsible disposal of industrial waste: Xả rác thải công nghiệp mà không quan tâm đến môi trường

Example: “Global warming stems from the irresponsible disposal of industrial waste.”

  1. Waste treatment systems: Hệ thống xử lý chất thải

Example: “If factory installed waste treatment systems instead of discharging chemical wastes into rivers, water pollution could be controlled.”

  1. Discharge chemical waste: Xả chất thải hóa học

Example: “Nowadays, more and more company and industrial zones have been discharging chemical waste into rivers, causing death to many fish and other aquatic animals.”

  1. Litter the street: Vứt rác bừa bãi trên đường phố

Example: “Residents will consider newcomers dirty and ill-mannered if they litter the street or spit gum in public places.”

  1. The emission of greenhouse gases: Sự phát thải khí nhà kính

Example: “If all countries in over the world could decrease their energy consumption, this will reduce the emission of greenhouse gases.”

  1. Chemical fertilisers/weedkillers: Phân bón hóa học/thuốc trừ sâu

Example: “Organic farmers do not pollute the water or the soil which result from the application of chemical fertilisers and weedkillers.”

  1. Eco-friendly: Thân thiện với môi trường

Example: “Countries such as Japan are leading the way, for example, in developing more eco-friendly cars, buses and lorries.”

  1. To be spoiled by: Bị phá hủy bởi

Example: “Several famous beaches in Vietnam have been spoiled by this lack of respect for the local environment.

  1. Contamination of land, air or water: Sự ô nhiễm, nhiễm độc đất, không khí hoặc nước

Example: “Contamination of land, air and water has reached alarming levels.”

  1. Illegal logging and deforestation: Khai thác gỗ trái phép và phá rừng

Example: “It should not be forgotten that illegal logging in the Amazon Basin is still a major factor in climate change.”

  1. Burning fossil fuels: Đốt nhiên liệu hóa thạch (ví dụ than đá, dầu khí…)

Example: “ Individuals can make a small contribution by not burning wood and other fossil fuels.”

  1. Long-term consequences: Hậu quả lâu dài.

Example: “The effects of our use of fossil fuels today may last for generations, and it is almost certain to have long-term consequences for humanity.”

  1. Renewable energy: Năng lượng tái tạo

Example: “Wind farms and other sources of renewable energy will help to reduce CO2 emission to an acceptable level.”

  1. Environmental protection: Bảo vệ môi trường

Example: “ Environmental protection is one of the most important challenges almost every country is facing.”

  1. Sustainable development: Phát triển bền vững.

Example: “ The government should commit to sustainable development and the protection of the environment.”

  1. To deplete natural resource: Cạn kiệt tài nguyên thiên nhiên

Example: “ Depleting natural resource is become a serious concern for the government to get deal with.”

  1. Fight climate change: Ngăn ngừa sự thay đổi khí hậu

Example: “International cooperation is necessary to fight climate change.”

  1. Conserve energy: Bảo tồn năng lượng

Example: “Scientists in many countries are cooperating to find a method to conserve energy.”

  1. Sort the daily garbage: Phân loại rác thải hằng ngày.

Example: “One thing that individual can do to protect the environment is sorting the daily garbage.”

  1. Dump waste: Xả rác thải một cách vô trách nhiệm

Example: Disposal of household waste is a daunting task for local authorities. Towns and cities cannot just dump such waste and hope it will go away.

  1. Toxic waste: Chất thải độc hại

Example: Efforts to recycle waste are only a partial solution. Meanwhile, the problem of toxic waste remains.

  1. Offset carbon emissions: Giảm phát thải cac-bon

Example: Some airlines have schemes now for offsetting carbon emissions.

  1. Introduce green taxes: Ban bố thuế bảo vệ môi trường

Example: Politicians should not be afraid of introducing green taxes and incentives to encourage eco-friendly design in architecture.

  1. Reduce carbon footprint: Giảm lượng khí thải cac-bon
  2. Food miles: Khoảng cách từ nơi sản xuất thực phẩm đến nơi tiêu

Example: We can all reduce our carbon footprint by flying less, and reduce our food miles by buying local produce.

Climate change and its consequence:

  1. Searing heat: Nhiệt độ cực nóng

Example: Parts of Europe which used to be cooler now experience intense, searing heat, and temperatures soar above the average every summer

  1. Widespread flooding: Lũ lụt trên diện rộng

Example: Most areas in Europe suffer widespread flooding on a regular basis.

  1. Alternative energy sources: Các nguồn năng lượng thay thế
  2. Hybrid car: Xe hơi hybrid

Example: To protect the environment, people can buy a hybrid car, develop alternative energy sources for homes, solar heating for instance. and build more offshore wind farms.

  1. Combat climate change: Chống lại sự thay đổi khí hậu

Example: It is absolutely vital that every civil plays their role in combating climate change.

  1. Environmental catastrophe: Thảm họa môi trường

Example: We may have less than a decade to avoid an environmental catastrophe on a global scale.

Hi vọng những chia sẻ trên từ IBEST sẽ giúp cho bạn luyện thi IELTS hiệu quả. Và đừng quên tham khảo các khóa học tại IBEST nhé:

– Tiếng Anh giao tiếp tổng quát:
– Các khóa IELTS:
– Các khóa TOEIC:


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