Phrasal verbs là chủ đề không còn xa lạ với bất kỳ ai học tiếng Anh. Ấn tượng đầu tiên và chung nhất của các sĩ tử học tiếng Anh sẽ là số lượng khổng lồ của nó – bạn sẽ chẳng bao giờ đoán được mình đã học hết chưa. Vì vậy, việc nắm những phrasal verbs thông dụng nhất là điều rất quan trọng và cũng dễ dàng hơn đối với bất kì ai.
Nhưng như thế nào là “thông dụng nhất”? Có bao nhiêu phrasal verbs thông dụng nhất cần phải học? Lại là một con số không nhỏ nữa. Tuy nhiên, dưới đây sẽ là 25 phrasal verbs được sử dụng nhiều và hữu ích nhất với cả kỹ năng viết cũng như nghe nói. Hãy cùng học và ghi nhớ chúng nhé!
Notice: hãy nhớ rằng 1 phrasal verb có thể mang rất nhiều ý nghĩa, và bạn cần chắc chắn nắm được đủ ý nghĩa của chúng! IBEST nghĩ rằng sau khi học 25 phrasal verbs sau là bạn đã có một vốn ngữ pháp kha khá để sử dụng rồi đó!
1. Add up
a- To be added together and equal the expected or correct total.
Example: “We added up the apples: there were 12″
b-To make sense : to seem to be logical or true.
Example: “Her story didn’t add up, I think she was lying, it didn’t make sense”
2. Blow up
a- To fill (something) with air or gas
Example: “Please could you blow up those balloons?”
b- To explode or to cause (something, such as a bomb) to explode.
Example: “The building was blown up by a bomb”
c- To become very angry.
Example: “When I said I couldn’t go to her party, she blew up”
3. Bring up
a- To take care of and teach (a child who is growing up).
Example: “Their grandparents brought them up because their parents were always travelling”
b- To mention (something) when talking : to start to talk about (something).
Example: “Don’t bring up the fight again, please!”
4. Call off
a- To stop doing or planning to do (something) .
Example: “Maria called off the wedding, she decided she didn’t love him”
b- To cause or tell (a person or animal) to stop attacking, chasing, etc.
Example: “Call off your dog! He’s attacking my cat”
5. Carry on
a- To continue to do what you have been doing
Example: “Sorry I interrupted, carry on talking!”
b- To behave or speak in an excited or foolish way.
Example: “The little boy was carrying on: shouting and kicking all day long”
6. Come across
a- To seem to have a particular quality or character : to make a particular impression.
Example: “Julia came across as a bit bossy”
b- To be expressed to someone.
Example: “I tried to sound happy but it came across as over-excited”
c- To meet or find (something or someone) by chance.
Example: “Luis was leaving the fruit shop and he came across Tom, what a coincidence”
7. Come up with
a- To get or think of (something that is needed or wanted).
Example: “We finally came up with a solution to the problem!”
8. Fall apart
a- To break into parts in usually a sudden and unexpected way,
Example: “My cake fell apart when I tried to cut it”
b- To become unable to live in a normal way because you are experiencing a lot of confusion or emotional pain
Example: “After the divorce, she fell apart”
9. Get along
a- To be or remain friendly
Example: “We’re not together anymore, but we get along great”
b- To make progress while doing something.
Example: “How are you getting along at playing the guitar?”
c- To leave a place
Example: “It was lovely to see you, but my friend has to get along, she has class”
d- To become old.
Example: “Her grandma is getting along; she’s almost 99″
10. Get away
a- To go away from a place.
Example: “I can0t wait to get away from the city”
b- To avoid being caught : to escape
Example: “The thieves managed to get away in a stolen car”
c- To not be criticized or punished for (something).
Example: “Yvonne is always lying, I can’t understand how she gets away with it”
11. Get over
a- To stop being controlled or bothered by (something, such as a problem or feeling).
Example: “I got over my fear of flying”
b- To stop feeling unhappy about (something).
Example: “Finally, Kylie got over her ex-boyfriend”
c- To become healthy again after (an illness).
Example: “Have you heard? Dave has gotten over the flu”
12. Give up
a- To stop an activity or effort : to admit that you cannot do something and stop trying
Example: “We all gave up smoking on January 1st”
13. Go on
a- To continue.
Example: “They landed in Paris and then went on to Montpellier”
b- To go or travel to a place before another person or group that is with you.
Example: “You go on to the restaurant, I’ll come in 10 minutes”
c- To happen
Example: “What’s going on? What’s happening?”
d- Used in speech to urge someone to do something
Example: “Go on! Try it, it’s delicious”
14. Hold on
a- To have or keep your hand, arms, etc., tightly around something.
Example: “Hold on to the railing, that way you won’t fall”
b- To succeed in keeping a position, condition, etc.
Example: “I will hold on to my job until May”
15. Look after–
a- To take care of (someone or something).
Example: “The nurse looked after the patient for months, until he was better”
16. Look forward to
a- To expect (something) with pleasure.
Example: “William is really looking forward to going on holiday”
17. Look up
Example: “The economy is finally looking up”
b- To search for (something) in a reference book, on the Internet, etc.
Example: “Let’s look up his number in the yellow pages”
18. Make out–
a- To write down the required information on (something, such as a check).
Example: “Who shall I make the check out to?”
b- To hear and understand (something)
Example: “I can’t make out what you’re saying, can you speak louder?”
c- To kiss and touch for a long time in a sexual way.
Example: “We made out in the back of his car”
19. Pass out
a- To fall asleep or become unconscious.
Example: “Lisa was so tired, she got home and passed out on the sofa”
b- to give (something) to several or many people.
Example: “I passed out leaflets with information on our course”
20. Pull over
a- To move a vehicle to the side of the road and stop.
Example: “That looks like a lovely restaurant, can you pull the car over and park?”
21. Put down
a- To place (someone or something that you have been holding or carrying) on a table, on the floor, etc.
Example: “You can put the suitcases down in the bedroom”
b- To write (something) : to record (something) in writing
Example: “He put down his memories to write a book when he was older”
c- To give (an amount of money) as a first payment when you are buying something that costs a lot of money
Example: “My husband and I are going to put down some money to buy that house in the centre of town”
d- To kill (an animal) in a way that causes it little pain usually because it is injured or sick
Example: “Jessica had to have her rabbit put down; it was very sick”
22. Put off
a- To decide that (something) will happen at a later time : postpone.
Example: “Graham was so tired he put the shoppin off until next week”
b- To cause (someone) to dislike someone or something
Example: “You’re putting me off my food, stop talking about insects!”
23. Put up with
a- To allow (someone or something unpleasant or annoying) to exist or happen.
Example: “My mother won’t put up with my sisters or I swearing”
24. Turn up
a- To be found usually unexpectedly.
Example: “Oh! My phone turned up in my bed!”
b- To arrive at a place
Example: “As always, Julian turned up late”
c- To increase the volume, temperature, etc., of something by pressing a button, moving a switch, etc.
Example: “Please turn the music up, I love this song!”
25. Watch out
a- To be aware of something dangerous.
Example: “Watch out in the mountain, there are bears there!”
Từng này kiến thức đã đủ cho một ngày chưa nhỉ? ^.^ Các bạn hãy đọc thật kỹ, nghiên cứu từng ví dụ để hiểu và nắm chắc được cách sử dụng của từng phrasal verb trên nhé!
Và giờ hãy tự tin gỡ bỏ sự nhàm chán trong việc sử dụng những từ ngữ rập khuôn trong những bài viết, những câu giao tiếp bằng những phrasal verbs thông dụng này bạn nhé!
Nếu các bạn đang dự định tìm kiếm một người chỉ dẫn để chinh phục tiếng Anh, hãy cân nhắc các khóa tiếng Anh tại IBEST nhé
– Các khóa IELTS: https://ibest.edu.vn/khoa-hoc/ibest-ielts.html
– Các khóa tiếng Anh giao tiếp tổng quát: https://ibest.edu.vn/khoa-hoc/general-english/general-english.html
– TOEIC 4 Skills: http://ibest.edu.vn/ibest-toeic.html